Vitamin B12 is a vitamin that is naturally present in some foods, available as a dietary supplement, added to others foods and a prescription medication. It exists in several forms and contains the mineral cobalt, so compounds with vitamin B12 activity are called “cobalamins”.
Vitamin B12 is important for proper neurological function, red blood cell formation and DNA synthesis.
It is naturally found in animal products, including meat, fish, and poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products. Vitamin B12 is generally not present in plant foods, but the fortified breakfast cereals can be a good source of it.
Speaking of the deficiency of vitamin B12, or hypocobalaminemia, we have in mind the reduced levels of this vitamin in the blood.
The deficiency is manifested by many signs and symptoms, which related to the emotional and psychological health.
What causes the deficiency?
The most common reason of deficiency are genetics, reduced intake, the use of certain medications, poor absorption from the stomach or intestines, malnutrition, chronic inflammation of the stomach, intestinal parasites, and more.
If left untreated, vitamin B-12 deficiency can cause serious neurological issues and blood diseases. In the article bellow, we reveal the most common 5 warning signs caused by vitamin B-12 deficiency.
- Unexplained Fatigue
The situation when you are feeling exhausted after you have slept well or you are constantly lack of energy is a sign that your body might lack this vitamin. It happens because of the lack of red blood cell production, for which B12 vitamin is responsible and that decreases the transport of oxygen to the organs, leading to fatigue.
Dizziness and vertigo are usually caused by B12 deficiency, as well as a feeling of wobbles when you walk up or downstairs or you get up too fast from a sitting position.
The deficiency of B12 might also make you forget things frequently. Some of you might be suspicious that it is early dementia, but uncharacteristic forgetfulness is a common symptom of this deficiency. If that happen to you, in order to boost your memory take supplements and raise the intake of B12.
- Pins and Needles
If you feel pins and needles throughout the body, that might be a sign of the lack of B12, because this vitamin affects the production of red blood cells, which helps to control the levels of oxygen. If you feel numbness or the feeling of electric shock waves it might be caused by the nerve damage.
- Muscle Weakness
If the muscles do not get the sufficient oxygen amounts from the red blood cells, they weaken and become lazy.
What to do in such situations?
Consuming more eggs, dairy, animal protein sources and poultry, you will take supplements with B12. The intake of its form known as methylcobalamin is strongly recommended, which is better absorbed by your body.